The Crusader. Vol. 4 No. 5. July, 1921. Organ of the African Blood Brotherhood.

The Crusader. Vol. 4 No. 5. July, 1921. Organ of the African Blood Brotherhood.

Contents: The Tulsa Riot by Commander Tulsa Post African Blood Brotherhood, Tulsa in Retrospect, Editorials, The Acid Test of White Friendship, Toussaint L’Overture Before Gonaives (poem), ABB Accused of Fomenting Tulsa Riot, ABB Activities, From the Radical Press, The Queen of Sheba by Ben Burrell, Vermont Ave Baptist Church, Appeal of Chinese Social Organizations to Russian Workers, Colombia-The “El Dorado” by The Burrell, Linn Gale Needs Your Help, Comrade!, Musical Department, Into the Heart of Br. Guiana, News, Letters, International News, A Sermon on Tulsa.

The Crusader was published in New York City between 1918 and 1922, becoming the paper of the The African Blood Brotherhood for African Liberation and Redemption and the earliest Black Communist publication in the US. Founded by Cyril V Briggs, who had arrived to the city from the Caribbean in 1905, at first it was the journal of the Hamitic League of the World, a Pan-African group led by George Well Parker. Increasingly in sympathy with the Russian Revolution and new Communist International, in October 1919 the paper announced the African Blood Brotherhood and its adherence to Marxism. In June 1921, The Crusader officially became the journal of the ABB and the Black publication of the US Communist movement. Antipathy with Marcus Garvey’s movement led the Communist Party, at the insistence of Claude McKay, to withdraw support and Its last issue was in January, 1922. The African Blood Brotherhood with dissolve into the Workers Party of America with many activists joining the American Negro Labor Congress. in 1925.

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