The Messenger. Vol. 3 No. 7. December, 1921.

Includes ‘The Story of a Proletarian Life’ by Bartolomeo Vanzetti.

The Messenger. Vol. 3 No. 7. December, 1921.

Contents: Editorials: Young Negro Dies Like Man, Schwab and Du Pont, Organized Labor and the Negro, The Editors, Xmas Cheer, Amnesty, The Disarmament Conference, The Election- An Interpretation, The Cloakmaker’s Strike, The Unknown Hero, The American Civil Liberties Union, Harding at Birmingham by Chandler Owen, The Story of a Proletarian Life by Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Commercialism and the Professions by Robert H. Hardoen, Who’s Who: John Orth, Our Unknown Hero by His Brother, Open Forum.

The Messenger was founded and published in New York City by A. Phillip Randolph and Chandler Owen in 1917 after they both joined the Socialist Party of America. The Messenger opposed World War I, conscription and supported the Bolshevik Revolution, though it remained loyal to the Socialist Party when the left split in 1919. It sought to promote a labor-orientated Black leadership, “New Crowd Negroes,” as explicitly opposed to the positions of both WEB DuBois and Booker T Washington at the time. Both Owen and Randolph were arrested under the Espionage Act in an attempt to disrupt The Messenger. Eventually, The Messenger became less political and more trade union focused. After the departure of and Owen, the focus again shifted to arts and culture. The Messenger ceased publishing in 1928. Its early issues contain invaluable articles on the early Black left.

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