The Brewing Industry and the Brewery Workers’ Movement in America by Hermann Schlüter. Published b the International Union of United Brewery Workmen of America, Cincinnati. 1910.
Contents: Preface, The Beer-Brewing Industry, Introduction, Beer-Brewing Industry in the Middle-Ages, Beer-Brewing in the American Colonial Period, The Modern Beer-Brewing Industry, Brewing as a Great Industry, The Brewery Workers Movement, Prior to Organization, Beginnings of Organization, Permanent Organization, The Founding of the United Brewery Workmen and First Victories, The Struggle of 1888, The Development of the United Brewery Workmen, The American Federation of Labor and the Brewery Workmen, Labor Union and Political Organization, Hygienic Conditions of Brewery Workmen, Achievements and Prospects, Prohibition and Sunday Closing, Workingmen and Prohibition, Taxes and the Brewing Industry. 346 pages.
Marxist historian Herman Schlüter (1851-1919) was born in Schleswig-Holstein and joined the left wing of German Social Democracy as a teen and helped publish newspapers and magazines of the SPD. A correspondent of Engels’ both in Germany and later when Schlüter emigrated to the US in 1889 where he joined the editorial board of the New Yorker Volkszeitung. At first he was a member of the the Socialist Labor Party, later he joined the Socialist Party, which he represented at the Amsterdam Congress of the Second International in 1904. An anti-opportunist and anti-revisionist, he contributed to the debate in Marxism in both Germany and the US. However, it is Schlüter’s historical works, mainly of the proletarian movement in the US and England, that are his lasting legacy.
The German Language Federation of the Socialist Party was formed at the First National Convention of the German-speaking Socialists of the United States, held in 1912. Germans had been dominate in the US socialist movement for years and it was only by 1912 that a separate language group was thought necessary. The federation had between 3-5000 members, was headquartered in Chicago with Adolph Dreifuss and Ludwig Lore was Executive Secretary of the German Federation until the 1919 split. The majority of the Federation voted to stay in the SP, but join the Comintern at a special conference in 1919. That decision was rejected and a split, like that happening all over the Socialist movement,. Those who left the SP were further split between those following the Communist Labor Party and those following the Communist Party of America, both of which developed German Language Federations.
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