The Toiler. No. 98. December 17, 1919.

The Toiler. No. 98. December 17, 1919.

The Toiler was a significant regional, later national, newspaper of the early Communist movement published weekly between 1919 and 1921. It grew directly out of the Socialist Party’s ‘The Ohio Socialist’, dominated by the Party’s left wing and northern Ohio’s militant IWW base. The Toiler was first published in Cleveland, Ohio, its volume number continuing on from The Ohio Socialist, in the fall of 1919 as the paper of the Communist Labor Party of Ohio. The Toiler then moved to New York City in early 1920, and with its union focus, served as the labor paper of the CLP and the legal Workers Party of America. Editors included Elmer Allison and James P Cannon. In January 1922, The Toiler merged with The Workers Council to form The Worker, becoming the Communist Party’s main paper continuing as The Daily Worker in January, 1924.

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