The Crusader (African Blood Brotherhood.). Vol. 1 No. 10. June, 1919.

A fine number of ‘The Crusader’ most notable for the first installment of George Wells Parker’s hugely influential ‘The African Origin of Grecian Civilization.’ Don’t miss Cyril Briggs’ ‘Americans?’

The Crusader (African Blood Brotherhood.). Vol. 1 No. 10. June, 1919.

Contents: What Does Democratic America in Haiti?, ‘Our Cullud Leaders’ by Andrea Razafkariefo, A Warning From Shakespeare, The Melagasy Soldiers, Americans? by Cyril Briggs, The African Origin of Grecian Civilization by George Wells Parker, A Child of Light by Marie A. Dorsey, The Wolves and the Dogs by C. Valentine, West Indian-American Trade Opportunities, Slang by Gertrude Hall, DEPARTMENTS: Editorials, Foreign Notes, Talking Points, Facts Fun and Fancies, Woman’s Department, Men Of Our Times, The Play of The Month, Digest of Views, Correspondence.

The Crusader was published in New York City between 1918 and 1922, becoming the paper of the The African Blood Brotherhood for African Liberation and Redemption and the earliest Black Communist publication in the US. Founded by Cyril V Briggs, who had arrived to the city from the Caribbean in 1905, at first it was the journal of the Hamitic League of the World, a Pan-African group led by George Well Parker. Increasingly in sympathy with the Russian Revolution and new Communist International, in October 1919 the paper announced the African Blood Brotherhood and its adherence to Marxism. In June 1921, The Crusader officially became the journal of the ABB and the Black publication of the US Communist movement. Antipathy with Marcus Garvey’s movement led the Communist Party, at the insistence of Claude McKay, to withdraw support and Its last issue was in January, 1922. The African Blood Brotherhood with dissolve into the Workers Party of America with many activists joining the American Negro Labor Congress in 1925.

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